Conflict Sensitivity Checklist for
Kosovo-based Development and Peace Practitioners

Welcome to the Conflict Sensitivity Checklist

Enhance the effectiveness of your projects and mitigate unintended consequences with our Checklist designed to integrate a conflict and prevention lens into your project planning and execution. Whether you’re designing, implementing, or evaluating a project in Kosovo1, this Checklist is a valuable tool.

Conflict sensitivity theory recognizes that conflict can exist in political, economic, and social realms even in non-violent forms. Institutions, laws, and rules play a crucial role in managing conflicts peacefully, contributing to the conditions for sustained peace. At the same time, weak structures, non-inclusive governance, societal divisions, and inequalities may undermine social cohesion, potentially leading to grievances.

Our Checklist helps you navigate conflict sensitivity theory in the Kosovo context, helping you build a better understanding of your project’s potential impact. Assess how your planned engagement might influence the Kosovo context, and take proactive steps to address risks or leverage opportunities. It’s about more than conflict; it’s about understanding and managing the dynamics of your project environment.

What is it? The Checklist empowers Kosovo-based peace and development practitioners to identify crisis and fragility risks in the Kosovo context, focusing on the most vulnerable groups and non-majority communities, with a view to making projects more effective, have them actively contribute to sustained peace, and less prone to inadvertent negative fallouts.

Here’s how the Checklist can benefit you:

  • Deepen your understanding of measures, practices, and tools to integrate a conflict prevention, fragility, peace responsiveness and resilience lens into your projects.
  • Gain insights from best practices, local and global evidence.
  • Learn how to address challenges through prevention, social mobilisation, rigorous assessments, and gender-responsive programming.

Who is it For? Tailored for Kosovo-based practitioners in development and peace, if you’re working on youth empowerment, social cohesion, gender inclusivity, or sustaining peace, this Checklist can serve as a useful complement to existing organizational policies.

How does this Tool Work? Our Checklist covers six key areas: Organization and Staff; Contextual Analysis; Strategy; Programme Planning; Programme Implementation; Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning. Check your understanding by answering prompts with a simple yes/no, and the site will generate a custom-tailored response that can inform your projects. Filling out the checklist should take between five to fifteen minutes, depending on your pre-existing level of knowledge.

Who Developed this Tool? Developed by the UN Development Coordinator’s Office in Kosovo with support from the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office. We are grateful for valuable feedback from the World Bank, UN Mission in Kosovo, OSCE Mission in Kosovo.

We’re a work in progress, and your feedback is crucial. We would also love to hear examples of conflict sensitivity from your work! shpend.qamili@un.org and Adrian.prenkaj@un.org

Background Kosovo has achieved significant progress in democratization, economic growth, and effective governance. Despite these advancements, it grapples with persistent challenges, including low employment, gender inequity, social disparities, and unresolved conflict legacies. Institutional weaknesses in the rule of law area are also a factor. Kosovo’s unresolved status, characterized by fragile ethnic relations, lingering conflict legacies and geopolitical uncertainty, acts as a driver of conflict. Additionally, economic and political disenfranchisement, especially among the youth, further contributes to these challenges. However, Kosovo possesses sources of resilience. The international community serves as a powerful guarantor of stability, while the strength of young people and women emerges as significant factors of democratic resilience. Moreover, the growing domestic private sector acts as a driver of stability and economic integration. For a deeper understanding of the Kosovo context from a UN perspective, explore UNKT’s Common Kosovo Analysis.

Our Checklist aids practitioners in reviewing their projects with a view to identifying risks and opportunities associated with these complex factors.

Conflict Sensitivity Checklist